THE ROLE OF STANDARDS IN DOMESTIC FOOD VALUE CHAINS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA: A REVIEW ARTICLE
Food standards have started to increasingly appear in the urban markets in Sub-Saharan Africa. While research has focused on the impact of food standards on the export supply chain, the growing role of standards in the domestic food value chain has largely been ignored. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to describe the linkage between standards and the domestic food value chain in Sub-Saharan Africa taking Kenya as a case study region. Based on a literature review, different modes of implemented standards; drivers of standards; and impacts of standards on producers and consumers are identified. Both public and private standards have been implemented in the study region where private standards, mostly product and to some extent process standards, are mainly focused in the domestic market. Supermarkets are found to be the major driver of private standards particularly for the vegetable sector. They have especially adopted the standards originated from international market. These private standards mostly relate to quality attributes of the product. Impact studies of standards on export supply chain show mixed results, sometimes creating a barrier for producers to participate in the food chain and sometimes acting as a catalyst. These impact studies also need to be conducted on domestic standards.
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